The Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum is considered to be the third more important museum in Madrid, behind the Prado Museum and the Reina Sofia Museum. In fact, the Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum is the third angle of the so-called Golden Triangle of Art, the space in central Madrid where all these museums are located.
The Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum doesn’t try to compete against Prado and Reina Sofia museums. Rather, it fills in some gaps that the two other main museums have in their painting collections. For example, the Italian primitives and the masters of Impressionism, Post-Impressionism and other trends of 20th century, which are well represented in the Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum.
The Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum is located in central Madrid, on Paseo del Prado, one of the most important boulevards of the city. Visitors can get to the Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum by subway, getting off in Banco de España Metro Station (Line 2). There are a lot of bus lines that passes by the main entrance.
History of Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum
The Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum is hosted in a historic building: the Villahermosa Palace. This palace was built in 18th century in Madrilenian Baroque style: the red of the bricks dominates and is completed by the grey of the granite. The Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum was enlarged in the early 21th century, adding a modern building that serves as the main entrance today.
The collection of the Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum is private. The first Baron Thyssen-Bornemisza, Heinrich, started to buy and collect art works, especially paintings, in 1920. His father August Thyssen had already ordered some sculptures to Rodin, that are displayed nowadays in the Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum. The second Baron, Hans, kept buying and collecting art works and got married with Carmen Cervera, a popular Spanish model in the mid 20th century, who has inherited the collection. The museum was installed in Madrid after years of negotiations and deals with other cities, such as London, Paris or Los Angeles.
The Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum was inaugurated in 1992 and is now an important part of the cultural heritage of Spain and Madrid. Opposing views and economic problems between the Spainsh Government and Carmen Cervera fears to take the collection of the Thyssen Bornemisza Museum away from Madrid.
Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum Collections
As stated, the works by Italian primitives are some of the most valuable paintings of the Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum. Visitors can admire masterpieces from the Trecento and the Quattrocento (14th and 15th centuries), by Duccio (‘Christ and The Samaritan Woman’), Simone Martini (‘St. Peter’), Fran Angelico (‘The Virgin of Humility’) or Piero della Francesca (‘Portrait Of A Boy’), among others.
Other schools are well represented in the collection of the Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum. For example, the German Renaissance one: Albrecth Dürer is present in this museum with ‘Jesus Among The Doctors’ and Hans Holbein the Younger with ‘Portrait of Edward VIII of England.’ The Flemish school is also very important for the Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum: masters like Jan Van Eyck (‘The Annunciation Diptych’) and Hans Memling (various portraits) are some of the most valuable examples.
Visitors of the Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum shouldn’t forget to admire paintings by Peter Paul Rubens (‘Venus And Cupid’, ‘Portrait Of A Young Woman With A Rosary’), Rembrandt (‘Self-Portrait Wearing A Hat And Two Chains’) or the great Italians such as Titian (‘The Virgin And The Child’), Tiepolo (‘The Death Of Hyacinthus’), Caravaggio (‘Saint Catherine Of Alexandra’) and Tintoretto (‘The Meeting Of Tamara And Juda’), well represented in Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum.
The Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum is also well known for having very good paintings from Impressionism and Post-Impressionism period: Edouard Manet (‘Horsewoman’), Claude Monet (‘Charing Cross Bridge’), Camile Pisarro (‘The Woods Of Marly’) or Vincent Van Gogh (‘The Stevedores In Arles’).
And, of course, visitors of the Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum must discover the masterpieces by Pablo Picasso from his Cubism period, such as ‘Head Of A Man’.